Geography in New York
New York City
Population: 7,322,564 (1990) Population density of 24,287 people per square mile or 9,377 per sq. km.
Physical Geography of Manhattan
Manhattan (Map) is really an island (see diagram below) surrounded by the Hudson River on the west and south, the East River on the east, and Harlem River on the north. All these rivers are really tidal estuaries.
Manhattan's substratum is comprised of layers of metamorphic rock (Fordham gneiss, softer Inwood marble, and tough Manhattan schist) scoured and shaped by glaciers as late as 10,000 years ago. Terminal glacial moraine covers much of the island. The edges are surrounded by mud banks.
The island is fairly flat. High and low points in Manhattan are 400 ft at Washington Heights and 5 ft at Battery Park. The total area of the city is 301.5 square miles or 780.9 sq. km. Some of this area has been created by landfill (notably, Battery Park City).
For many years, heights of the skyscrapers was determined on the underlying geology of the island, with the rocky substratum in the north part dipping deep below the surface moraine around 30th Street and not resurfacing until below Lower Manhattan's financial district. Thus, few skyscrapers are found in these areas. With new building and landfill technology in the 1960's skyscrapers and Battery Park City were built on landfill.
|Gives a comprehensive look at the history & culture of Battery Park City, along with a listing of the popular clubs & restaurants which was built in 1979 on landfill excavated from the former World Trade Center 92 acres of parks gardens plazas with spectacular views and one of the city's best playgrounds for kids|
|Battery Park NY Battery Park City,||Tel 212-417-2000|
|Known for its heady mix of traditional shops, food markets, cultural institutions, and more than 200 restaurants where visitors can indulge virtually any culinary taste. Other shops deal with acupuncuture, herbal medicine, jewelry and more. Check out the Chinese New Year celebrations in Jan. and Feb.|
|The Alliance for Downtown NY's website offering information on downtown tourism, a calendar of what's going on downtown & downtown tax incentives!|
|Free walking tours of Wall Street are offered every Thu and Sat, starting at the U.S. Custom House (1 Bowling Green). Tours depart at noon and last 90 minutes. Places to visit include the World Financial Center in Battery Park city, home of countless international corporations and the Mercantile Exchange; the Federal Reserve Bank of New York; and the New York Stock Exchange.|
|Lower Manhattan,||Tel 212-566-6700|
|The free walking tour, "Times Square Expose," sets out from the Times Square Visitors Center each Friday at noon. Millions come here each year, most notably for the world-famous New Year's Eve celebration.|
|Self-contained community located around 1st Ave. & 42nd St. Inside you'll find a small park, hotel & 3,000 apartments all facing inward.|
|Great restaurants, boutiques & very high rents. Museum mile is part of this neighborhood.|